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Why is it so difficult to recycle plastic?

Why is it that just a small percentage of plastic is recycled? Some of the solutions can be found by looking at the manufacturing process. Plastic resins are melted in a variety of ways to create the things we’re familiar with. Water bottles, for example, are created by blow molding one type of plastic, while ready-made meal trays are made by injection molding another type of plastic.

Also Read: Recycling Management System

Depending on the manufacturing process, different polymers have varied melting points. Chemical additives come into play to give the plastic its unique features. An additive can make a plastic more flexible or hard, for example.

As a result, there are thousands of different plastics. It is not possible to recycle all varieties. When recyclable plastic is recycled, the quality deteriorates each time it is reheated for melting into a new product. Consider the case of aluminum. Aluminum can be melted and reformed without losing any of its properties. In reality, recycling aluminum saves 95% of the energy required to manufacture it from raw materials.

Plastics, on the other hand, aren’t standard, which is an issue. Households mix all plastics together for recycling, which requires meticulous sorting by type, which is costly for municipalities and other organizations. A water bottle, for example, is usually recyclable, but a tray is not. Exacerbating the problem are products that combine two types of plastic, making them either significantly more difficult to recycled or, in certain cases, completely unrecyclable.

Because plastic has limited value as a recycled material due to quality degradation, it won’t be long before it reaches the end of its useful life and ends up in a landfill or as fish food.

Are we doomed to a life of plastic?

Plastics, on the other hand, aren’t always a terrible thing. From the materials used to build prosthetics to antimicrobial touch surfaces that resist bacteria and protect against disease, they play a vital role in medicine.

Plastic waste is the issue. We must all reduce our consumption, both at home and in business, because of its short life as a recycled material – and we haven’t even considered the poisons emitted as a result of creating plastic resins.

The business’s function

The packaging business must investigate environmentally suitable alternatives to plastic. Some businesses are reacting with bio-based and renewable raw materials, as well as the adoption of compostable materials, which is encouraging, albeit it is far from ideal and leaves much space for development.

If businesses that utilize packaging want to stay relevant, they must respond as well. More consumers than ever desire plastic-free solutions. There are monetary incentives for doing so. You may eliminate materials waste, for example, by auditing your usage of packaging – it’s just a matter of analyzing what you’re using. It is possible to save money through reducing trash.


After the initial use of plastic bags and wrap, there are simple and cost-effective strategies to limit waste and reap the benefits. Bags and wrap can be reused or recycled by individuals and businesses who utilise them in excess. Industrial shrink wrap, which is used in packaging, can be recycled and is in high demand as a raw material by manufacturers. Individuals, schools, non-profits, corporations, and communities can recycled plastic bags and wrap or support local recycling initiatives by collecting them.


The greatest way to reduce plastic waste is to reduce the usage of single-use plastics in your daily life. You can do the following steps:

  • When shopping, use a reusable bag or container to reduce your usage of disposable shopping bags.
  • Old plastic bags can be reused for several shopping excursions.
  • Plastic bags can be reused as garbage liners or pet waste bags.
  • For purchases that are easy to carry, don’t use a bag.

Customers may get durable, washable bags at many grocery stores for a reasonable price. Using these bags instead of paper or plastic on a regular basis helps save waste, and washing them periodically removes dirt and germs.

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