Types Of Water Tanks Useful For Storage and Harvesting
Rainwater collecting has become a necessity of the hour due to increased global warming, pollution, and frequent droughts. Numerous distant areas in India do not yet have access to water. People must go several miles to obtain a pail of contaminated water. Water storage is critical in such situations.
On a residential level, rainwater harvesting is the most effective and environmentally beneficial means of storing water and making it available throughout the year. It is now required to provide sufficient measures for rainwater collection before the construction of any structure.
Types of water tanks that can be used for water harvesting-
There are three major types of water tanks that are used domestically. They are as follows:
● Overhead tanks
● Loft tanks
● Underground tanks
1. Overhead tanks
Overhead Water Tanks are among the most important products for any industrial or residential project being constructed nowadays. These water tanks are mainly used for storage and can hold up to 25000 litres of water. Overhead water tanks ensure a proper supply of water with a steady flow. Buildings and towers generally install these tanks for the water supply throughout the building. Standalone houses employ these tanks with varying capacities ranging from 500 litres to 2000 litres. These tanks are placed above the construction and hence contain a UV sun guard layer that is intermittently black in colour and shields the water tank from harmful UV radiation.
2. Loft tanks
Loft water tanks are often employed in both residential and business settings. These are primarily intended for indoor usage in the event of an emergency. Plastic loft water tanks of high quality are typically put in the kitchen or bedroom above the loft. They are available in various capacities, ranging from 100 to 1000 litres.
Loft water tanks are developed and produced exclusively for kitchen and household use. They are rectangular and may be conveniently stored in kitchens and other locations.
3. Underground tanks
Underground water storage tanks can effectively deal with emergencies like fires. Underground tank water is safe to consume and use for irrigation. They can also be used for a variety of other things. The tanks are not vulnerable to vandalism. Furthermore, these tanks are non-porous, preventing contamination of the water. It has an airtight manhole cover assembly that keeps pollutants from the tank. Thes tanks come in different capacities ranging from 1000 litres to 5000 litres.
Materials used for manufacturing water tanks
Plastic, galvanised steel, stainless steel, Aquaplate, Zincalume, Steel Liners, fibreglass, and concrete are all viable materials for water tanks. The majority of plastic tanks on the market are composed of polyethylene, making them lightweight, non-corrosive, and simpler to handle. These tanks are leakproof and immune to water-induced damage since they are made of a single piece with no welding or seams.
Benefits of using plastic water tanks:
● Water storage tanks made of plastic are incredibly lightweight. Because of their weight, these tanks are simple to install and move. Any other construction material is heavier than plastic. Plastic tanks are light and easy to move about with your hands.
● Because plastic water storage tanks are pliable, they can resist earthquakes. They’re composed of high-quality plastic that’ll endure a long time. These tanks can endure pressure from earthquakes, high water pressure, and high speeds.
● Plastic water tanks are produced in batches and are cost-effective. Plastic is cheaper than any other material used. It’s preferred by many since it is crack-free, unlike materials like concrete. Installing plastic tanks does not put holes in your pocket.
● Plastic storage tanks need minimum maintenance. Sediment build-up is removed every few years or as needed as a part of the maintenance procedure. They’re corrosion free, break-free, and leak-free. Just a little maintenance at regular intervals is needed.So, research and get the home water tank that best suits your needs and meets your expectations.