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Bipolar Disorder: Types, Causes, & Treatments

Bipolar Disorder: Types, Causes, & Treatments

Bipolar Episode

Bipolar disorders are characterized by symptoms of hypomania or mania and hypomania, which may be associated with feelings of extreme happiness and great excitement; or depressive and discontent mood that is characterized by excessive anxiety and irritability. The most common symptoms are an extravagant self-image, a decreased amount of sleep, speedy thoughts, and strained speech. Distraction, increased energy and creativity, as well as severe insanity are also associated with bipolar episodes that lead to high-risk behaviors.

Mania can last for at minimum seven days in a row and can cause severe effects on finances, health and relationships. The same symptoms are present in hypomania but are typically of shorter duration (at least 4 days) and with less negative consequences for each episode. Anyone struggling to control their feelings of despair and continue to live their life in a more positive path could benefit from the help of a professional therapist or a Best Psychologist near me.

In a depressive episode of bipolar the mood can turn dark, demoralizing, and depressing. In this state of mind the person can feel depressed, agitated and depleted of energy, despairing, and sometimes suicidal. In a state of hypomanic or manic one can be extremely happy filled with energy, an ebullient sense of creativity and a desire to complete a variety of tasks simultaneously. Bipolar depression can cause the person to lose enthusiasm and energy for anything that is important or enjoyable, resulting in a drastic decline in their psychological or physical health. Cure it by seeking help from the Best Psychologist near me.

Cycles of hypomanic, manic and depressive episodes could span from a few days up to several weeks. They usually include times of being “in-between,” known as the “baseline mood zone”. In the most extreme cases, psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions can be observed during intense mood swings.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are three kinds of bipolar disorder commonly referred to as Bipolar disorder I, Bipolar Disorder II and a Cyclothymic disorder. The distinction between these three types is vital in knowing the full nature of the disorder as well as the various treatment options that can be utilized.

Bipolar I Disorder

Bipolar I disorder is characterized by severe mood disturbances from mania to depressive episodes. In a manic episode, people may become extremely exuberant, filled with energy, and suffused with extravagance. They might have rapid thinking and a rapid speech, making it difficult to stop them. They also deliberately avoid sleeping because they are more energetic and pressured to get tasks done. Individuals with Bipolar-I disorder are often involved in risky behavior, like excessive spending and sexual indiscretions or drug consumption and driving too fast etc.

All that is required to diagnose bipolar disorder is the presence of at the very least one severe manic episode over the individual’s lifetime. Although it is true that depression is a common occurrence in bipolar disorder, it’s not required for diagnosis. Bipolar patients might have experienced hypomanic episodes, however one manic episode for the rest of their lives is the definition of this kind of disorder.

Mania episodes of a bipolar person sometimes could be misinterpreted with different disorders, like ADHD, OCD, panic disorder, etc. With psychotic symptoms they could be also viewed as symptoms of Schizophrenia. But the sudden shift in mood is the primary cause of all the symptoms of this specific mental illness. After mania has subsided, it is often reverted to their normal. However, there is a lot of confusion about how they suffer from any psychiatric disorders at all.

Behavior of a bipolar person can not only cause financial and relational problems, but also sometimes result in legal issues. In any event, those suffering from Bipolar I disorder frequently deny the effects of manic episodes, or argue the need to safeguard their manic behaviors as a way to sustain their creative output within their lives.The Best psychologist near me might be able to help you gain a better perspective, address negative ideas and patterns, and develop adaptive talents that will help you now and in the future.

Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar II has historically been viewed as an inferior version of the condition when compared with Bipolar I disorder. The reason behind this distinction is that the manic episode which is the basis for bipolar I, may last longer and can have more serious consequences during a specific episode. Hypomanic episodes that are typical in bipolar II display similar symptoms, however it tends to be less severe in duration and typically less influential in its consequences. But, the perception that bipolar II disorder is just a milder version of the general condition associated with bipolar I disorders is a false impression.

In the first place, taking a look at a manic episode and a hypomanic one in an inverse comparison doesn’t reveal the complete story of how destructive the overall bipolar II disorder could be. Contrary to bipolar I and II, a diagnosis of bipolar II can be attributed to an occurrence of one hypomanic episode as well as one major depression episode. The effects of the condition will fundamentally alter how the individual is perceived by those in the vicinity of him or her.

That is the majority of people who are close to the person can believe that there is a significant shift in their normal traits when they are suffering from hypomania. In most cases, due to the more objective information from relatives or friends close to the individual and the effects of hypomania can be seen. In these instances a better understanding of hypomanic effects may reveal problems with social and occupational functioning. In that case, you should Consult with Best psychologist near me and take online counselling to overcome this.

If there isn’t a prior history of major depression, an individual is not considered as being bipolar II. People who experience occasional hypomania in itself isn’t considered to be a bipolar disorder. However, since the depressive episodes of bipolar II can be extremely intense, and even suicidal, one should not believe that bipolar II is an easier variant of the general condition.

To be crystal clear There aren’t any comparisons in the length of or the intensity of depression episodes in bipolar I and II, and it’s therefore not uncommon for the bipolar II disorder to prove destructive. Additionally, the cumulative consequences of hypomanic episodes may cause a variety of devastating effects over the long term.

If there’s any benefit in having bipolar II over the bipolar type, then it may be a little easier to treat when it’s properly identified. However, since it’s more difficult to determine those with bipolar II tend to be undiagnosed for a longer time than bipolar I patients.

This means that they can suffer the effects over a longer amount of time, making the comparisons between bipolar | and ||more confusing. Similar to mania, hypomania can be often mistakenly identified as other conditions that include anxious disorders ADHD or personality problems as well as personality disorders. In the end, this can lead to delays in the effectiveness of treatment.


Cyclothymia is characterized by periodic episodes of hypomania, and occasionally episodes of mild depression, also known as dysthymia. They are experienced over two years for adults, and for one year for children and adolescents. Cyclothymia is sometimes an early indicator for bipolar, particularly when it begins in the early years of a person’s life.

A psychologist near me isn’t just there to talk to you; they may also provide a fresh and unbiased perspective that your friends and family can’t. When you start to change your behavior and create self-confidence, counselling from the best psychologist can help.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

Genetics is the most powerful and reliable cause of bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is also prevalent in families and is passed down through the genes. Genetic predisposition to the bipolar symptom might also cause bipolar disorder in person over the years.

Peripartum bipolar-onset is the result of abuse of alcohol and drugs or certain medical conditions.The effects of trauma may trigger symptoms of bipolar disorder as well, but it’s crucial to be aware that trauma on its own doesn’t cause complete bipolar disorder. The normal age for onset is from late adolescence until early adulthood. However, an accurate diagnosis and recognition might be delayed until a few years after becoming an adult.

It’s important to be aware about any family history of mental illness, particularly bipolar disorder, if any family history is available. It’s also crucial to discuss the family’s background with the appropriate Best psychologist near me. This can help improve the assessment and treatment, and also what the best treatment options and online counselling could be for those who are suffering from bipolar disorder.

Treatments for Bipolar Disorder

Once bipolar disorder is properly diagnosed, a treatment plan can be effectively created. This is best accomplished by working in conjunction by the individual patient with any nearby and trustworthy family member, prescribing psychologist and/or psychiatrist.

The typical bipolar treatment  includes both medication to stabilize mood as well as therapy for regulating behavior and thoughts. Psychotherapy depending upon the situation and severity of symptoms can be given to the person who is suffering, their partner or the entire family.


Medications for bipolar disorder typically contain mood stabilizers, like lithium, anti-seizure medications or antipsychotic drugs, or a combination of these drugs. Other medications , like antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications can be prescribed depending upon the symptoms.. The process of stabilizing mood with medication may take time, that is why it is important for the person suffering and his family to be patient. It is one of the most important aspects of bipolar treatment.


For therapy, it’s essential to locate the Best psychologist near me who is experienced with bipolar as well as the numerous characteristics that are unique to the disorder. It’s essential to be involved in the therapy process throughout all phases of treatment for bipolar, starting with evaluation in pre-stabilization, to stabilization using medication, and finally post-stabilization when the person suffering from bipolar gets more comfortable with their lives, and the negative effects that were previously associated with the disorder.

The most common issues with therapy are dealing with denial and accepting the realities of bipolar disorder in someone’s life. Many people are afraid of being deprived of the apparent benefits of the hypomania and mania states as well as the fear that treatment can transform a person into boring and uninteresting. Therapy can assist those suffering from bipolar disorder overcome any issues in the state of being stable in mood and can begin a process of developing creativeness, and productivity without relying on mania for energy or energy.

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